French Bulldog Puppies

Brief History

The French Bulldog (French: bouledogue or bouledogue français) is a domestic dog breed that was bred for companionship. In the 1800s, a mix of Toy Bulldogs brought from England and local ratters in Paris, France, resulted in the breed’s creation.

They have a pleasant, mild-mannered demeanor and are stocky, compact canines.

Its other name is Bouledogue français, while its common nickname is ‘Frenchies.’ It originated from France, belonging to the Kennel club called the ‘Société Centrale Canine’

They were the second-most popular registered dog breed in the UK and the second-most popular AKC-registered dog breed in the US in 2020.

They ranked third among Australia’s most popular dogs in 2017. In 2019, they had 375 export pedigrees and 33,661 UK-registered dogs.

French bulldog puppies average sizes and life expectancy

HEIGHT – 7-9 inches

WEIGHT – under 7 pounds

LIFE EXPECTANCY – 9-14 years

French Bulldog Breed Standard

General Appearance

Head Eyes Ears, Size, Proportion, Substance Temperament.
The French Bulldog has an active and clever appearance. It is muscular with heavy bones.

The French bulldog also has smooth hair, a compact build, and a small or medium structure.

Its square head with bat ears and the roach back are the breed’s distinguishing features. It is alert to expressions, curious, and shows interest.

The head is large and squared off. Its eyes are dark, brown, or nearly black. They are also wide apart, positioned low in the head, and quite far from the ears.

The eyes have a round form, and moderate sizes, not hollow nor protruding. They could be light brown, but not preferable. However, any traces of blue or green colors in the eyes are a disqualifier. When they stare, the haw and the no white part of the eye are not visible.

The French bulldog ears are usually called bat ears. This is because, just like bats, they are erect with the orifice to the front although, this is not so when they are born. While they are very young, their ears are usually soft and floppy but as the cartilage forms and gets hard, they get the typical bat ears.

These ears are broad at the base, extended, and have a round top. They are set high on the head but not too close to each other. Anything aside from bat ears is disqualified.

The top of the skull, between the ears, is flat; the forehead is rounded and not flat.

The muzzle is large, deep, and set back, with well-developed cheek muscles.

The stop is clearly defined, creating a deep groove between the eyes with heavy wrinkles forming a soft roll over the exceptionally short nose; nostrils are big and separated by a clear-cut line.

Except for cases where creams or fawns are without black masks, then a lighter colored nose could pass but is not preferable.

Size–The average weight of a full-grown healthy French bulldog is 16-28 pounds. However, it must not exceed 28 pounds; weight beyond 28 pounds is a disqualification.

Proportion–The distance between the withers and the ground is equivalent to the distance between the withers and the start of the tail, giving the animal a compact, balanced, and proportional appearance. Their shoulder height is about 12 inches when they stand.

Physique–Muscular, with a thick bone structure.

They are easygoing, flexible, and sociable companions. They have a friendly personality and even emotions, so playful and affectionate; generally, they are lively, attentive, very bright, and athletic, but they are not overbearing.

More French Bulldog Breed Standard

Forequarters Hindquarters Coat, Gait & Color Markings & Patterns Proportion & Symmetry

The forelegs are short, thick, straight, strong forelegs set wide apart with firm feet of average sizes. If dewclaws are unwanted, they can be removed. The toes are also compact and well-split, nails are short and sturdy while the knuckles are high.

The hind legs allow the loins to rise above the shoulders as they are slightly longer than the forelegs. They are stout and muscular. Hocks have been well let down. The feet are of average size, compact, and securely planted. The toes are compact and well-split, the nails are short and sturdy while the knuckles are high.

Coat
The coat is a fantastic, short, and silky coat. Wrinkles form because the skin is soft and loose, especially around the head and shoulders. Coats that aren’t short and smooth are unwanted and disqualified.

Gait
The correct gait is characterized by a “four tracking” foot pattern, with the fore track being broader than the backtrack. The movement should have a broad reach and a strong sense of purpose, as well as be unconstrained, free, and vigorous.

Color
The colors of French bulldogs could vary, however, some colors are not acceptable.
The colors can be white, cream, fawn or any of their combinations.

The french bulldog has black shadings, white markings, piebald, black masks, and brindle.
Ticking can be accepted, but it’s not desirable.
There should be just about a trace of the background color; in a brindle piebald, a trace of the brindle patterning in any patch is fine.
Disqualifying colors and patterns can be solid black, black and tan, black and white, white with black, blue, blue fawn, liver, and merle. Black means black without a trace of brindle. But they are not limited to these.

All points are evenly distributed and in good proportion to one another; no characteristic stands out so much because of excess or poor quality that the animal seems to be out of proportion.

More French Bulldog Breed Standard

Influence of Sex Neck, Topline & Body Disqualifications

When comparing specimens of various sexes, bitches must be given significant consideration because they do not exhibit the breed’s features to the same extent as dogs.

The neck is robust and well-arched, and the throat has loose skin. The back is powerful and short, with broad shoulders and a tapering back.

The body is short and rounded. The chest is broad, deep, and full, with well-defined ribs and a tucked-up tummy.

The tail is upright or twisted (but not curly), brief and drooped low, with a coarse root and smooth tip; it is carried low in repose.

Weighing over 28 pounds, eyes that are blue or green, or have a tinge of blue or green.

Apart from bat ears, nothing else. If it’s not a black nose, then it can be cream or fawn-colored dogs that do not have black masks, where a lighter colored nose goes.

Short and smooth coats aren’t the only options.

All coat colors not specifically listed (e.g., solid black, black and tan, black and white, white and black, blue, blue fawn, liver, and merle) are the most common colors. Without a trace of brindle, black means black. Other than what is expressly specified, all other patterns and marks are unknown.

Everything You Should Know When Breeding A French Bulldog Puppy

Genetic Variability

The organization of genetic variability in domestic breeds is heavily influenced by the actions and practices of breeders.

Selection for specific species of animals may cause population bottlenecks, resulting in high levels of inbreeding.

In dogs, close mating is regularly employed (Ubbink, 1998). Inbreeding causes a considerable rise in puppy mortality.

Van der Beek et al. (1999) found a link between the incidence of certain hereditary illnesses and the average coefficient of inbreeding (Ubbink et al. 1992).

Purebred dogs are frequently affected by hereditary illnesses, with over 400 genetic diseases identified in this species (Patterson 1993, in Nielen et al. 2001). Because of these factors, inbreeding has become more prevalent throughout the human population.

For these reasons, pedigree data has been used to study the evolution of inbreeding within specific dog populations (Karjalainen & Ojala 1997; Mäki et al. 2001; Nielen et al. 2001).

As shown in multiple studies on livestock, computing the probability of gene origin (James 1972) using the same data can provide a complementary view of within-population genetic variability. (e.g. Moureaux et al. 1996; Gutiérrez et al. 2003; Huby et al. 2003).

Inbreeding and kinship

The average coefficient of inbreeding of dogs as a function of their birth year. Because of a paucity of pedigree data before the 1980s, the values were low or almost null. Next, there were higher variations in the breeds with the smallest population sizes, owing to the smaller number of animals on which the means were computed.

During the second half of the 1980s and early 1990s, the recording of new dogs with no genealogical data resulted in a decline or stabilization of the mean of the estimated coefficients of inbreeding in the BAR, DOB, MOP, and BUF breeds.

Over the entire period (1970–2001), the annual rate of inbreeding ranged from 0.1 per cent points per year in the BUF breed to 0.5 per cent points per year in the BAR breed.

Reproductive Information

There is a high demand for French bulldogs because of their unique look and adorable size. They are a very popular pet breed nowadays. Because of this high demand, one would think that there are so many breeders out there – but far from it. There is a serious difficulty involved in mating and breeding French Bulldogs.

It is very hard for them to breed naturally. They always require human intervention because of the difficulty involved in mating and breeding them.

They often require artificial insemination and, frequently, a caesarean section to give birth. Over 80% of litter are delivered in this manner.

The major difficulty involved in French bulldogs mating on their own is most female French bulldogs having narrow hips. Because of this, it is safe to breed French bulldogs by artificial insemination to achieve mating and eventual conception without itches.

Health

Some issues usually arise in the health of French bulldogs. It affects their life’s quality and causes unprecedented expenses mostly because of their genetic makeup.

These health issues consume money periodically and show up unannounced. However, they can be prevented if you carefully monitor your dog and watch out for their symptoms.

Of all bully breeds, the French bulldogs are the healthiest.

It is highly recommended to get your Frenchie from a reputable breeder and invest in pet insurance.

This is because many of the health problems can be prevented by selective breeding of only the best dogs because these health problems are genetically induced. Breeding French Bulldogs just for their looks can also result in a slew of undesirable traits, including respiratory problems, hip dysplasia, and spinal problems.

According to research carried out by Royal Veterinary College (the UK, 2018) who examined 2,228 French Bulldogs, 72.4% of French Bulldogs studied had at least one of the health problems listed below. These include skin problems (17.9%), ear infections (14%), diarrhoea (7.5%), and conjunctivitis (3.2%).

Hip dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a skeletal condition in which the ball and socket joint of the hip is not properly developed. Thereby causing a lot of pain for your Frenchie and making it difficult for them to walk without limping. It can lead to reduced exercise, pain, and the development of hip arthritis if left untreated.

Hip dysplasia is frequently caused by a genetic predisposition, although it can also be caused by being overweight, hip trauma, or excessive strain on the hip joints as a puppy.

Fortunately, you can reduce your Frenchie’s risks of developing hip dysplasia by not allowing them to jump off high things like beds, avoiding over-exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and ensuring they get all the nutrients they need.

Symptoms of hip dysplasia 

If you watch your dog closely and regularly, you might prevent a lot of damage and save your frenchie the pain that would have been caused. There are symptoms to watch out for in order to detect quickly. These are:

  • Stiffness
  • A constrained stance
  • Hip sensitivity or pain
  • Reduced range of motion and activity
  • Inability to climb, jump, or sprint stairs
  • The back leg is shaky. Weakness.
  • Standing up difficult or slow hopping or wobbling while walking.
  • During movement, a grinding or clicking sound, or sensation comes from the hip joint.

Causes of hip dysplasia 

Some dogs are predisposed to hip looseness or laxity due to a hereditary predisposition, which can hasten the disease’s course.

Excessive growth, exercise, obesity, and other nutritional variables, among others, might contribute to the development and progression of hip dysplasia.

If you have concerns that your French Bulldog may have hip dysplasia, quickly contact your veterinarian for a more thorough examination. To confirm the degree and severity of hip dysplasia, your veterinarian will usually do an x-ray and a physical examination.

Ear Infections

Excessive ear scratching and redness inside the ear must be considered as symptoms of an ear infection.

The ear canals are narrow, and as a result, they are extremely susceptible to ear infections. They are also prone to allergies, which might cause them to get these infections. To fight infections, ear glands expand and create more wax than usual. This causes an excess of ear tissue to be produced, narrowing and inflaming the canal. The eardrum might rupture in severe situations, causing your dog a lot of pain.

Symptoms to look out for are excessive ear scratching and redness inside the ear

Diarrhoea

Frenchies usually have the Captain Chaplain Frenchie Wheelchair

Stomach upsets so it is compulsory to monitor their diet. The presence of parasites and viruses leads to consistent breakouts of diarrhoea and Frenchies are very sensitive to them.

The ear canals are narrow, and as a result, they are extremely susceptible to ear infections. They are also prone to allergies, which might cause them to get these infections. To fight infections, ear glands expand and create more wax than usual. This causes an excess of ear tissue to be produced, narrowing and inflaming the canal. The eardrum might rupture in severe situations, causing your dog a lot of pain.

Breathing Problems

Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS)

Improve the mobility of your Frenchie with a scooter.

Due to their squished faces and short snouts, many French Bulldogs are also at risk of BOAS.

This can include shortness of breath, breathing difficulty, sleeping problems, and heat intolerance. This condition is more noticeable during exercise and in warmer weather.

Grooming

Gather the must-have grooming supplies including shampoos and products. Then, the first thing is to do the nails. It’s good to use the trimmer to cut the tips and smoothen out the edges. There’s a difference between show nails and everyday nails. Show nails are worked back as close as possible.

After doing the nails, there’s a little prep work to get them ready for the bath — put spray and wash on them before putting them into the washing machine.

Because they are susceptible to allergies, you must clean out the facial and tear stains. Wipes are safe and gentle to use on any part of their body, including the vulva. Also, clean in between the wrinkles.

When cleaning the ear, begin from the outer part using wipes then you can proceed with an ear cleaner on the inner part. Use warm water for the bath because cold water could make them panic and pass out.

Start by washing under the feet with shampoo, then the face with a thicker shampoo than the one used for the feet.
Leave in the shampoo on the face while washing the body.
Afterwards, you rinse and wipe them thoroughly. Though, you still need to make use of an ‘air-force drier’

This is to prevent the formation of yeasts which could breed in their bodies because of moisture and air. When drying the face, use your hand to block the face from getting directly heated.

Exercise

Too many French Bulldogs die suddenly from overheating during hot weather or exercise hence, proper care must be taken.

French Bulldogs, as a flat-faced breed, are prone to overheating and difficulty breathing, particularly in hot weather. Make sure you know how to spot your dog’s symptoms of heatstroke.

In the summer, take extra precautions to keep your Frenchie cool and avoid walking them during the hottest part of the day. The best times to go for a walk in the park are early mornings and late evenings.

Although Frenchies are considered to be less high maintenance in exercise than other breeds, they still enjoy staying busy, and exercise is a big part of that.

Every day, your French Bulldog will require up to one hour of exercise. You should break this up into a few shorter walks, with time for your dog to run around off-leash in a safe area and give everything a good whiff.

You should aim to keep your Frenchie’s intellect engaged by engaging them in training and challenging puzzle activities.

Training

Training a French bulldog can be a challenging task.

This is due to the tenacious nature of the French. They have large personalities, French bulldogs might take a lot of training to become decent companions.

However, because Frenchies are people pleasers, they are quite easy to train provided you provide them with appropriate motivation (like reward treats) and make the process fun. Then you’ll be able to count on their assistance.

When you are patient and approach it the right way, you can train your dog such that you both enjoy your companionship.

The Best Approach to Training a French Bulldog

Potty training should begin as soon as feasible.
Use a lot of praise and incentives.
Add a crate to the mix.
Keep command training to a minimum.

Tips for Training a French Bulldog

Here are some pointers on how to train a French bulldog.

Crating

When you first bring your new Frenchie home, one of the first things you should do is introduce him to his crate. Crate training is a very efficient approach to teach your dog desirable behaviors. Some people believe dogs dislike being in crates, but this is not the case.

Dogs enjoy spending time in their crates, and it often becomes their preferred resting spot. When you cannot supervise your dog personally, crates would go a long way to help. When you’re not at home, keep your French bulldog in a crate to keep him from getting into mischief or making a mess.

Potty Training

Potty training may be tough for many little dogs, and the French bulldog is no exception. Frenchies are intelligent dogs who develop habits rapidly. As a result, potty training should start as soon as you bring your new puppy home.

Because Frenchies have a tiny bladder, they must go to the potty more frequently than other breeds. As a result, as a dog owner, you must know when your dog needs to go potty. Leaving it to chance will simply lengthen the time to train your dog.

You can achieve this by feeding your puppy at regular times so you’ll be able to tell when he needs to go to the bathroom. Lead him out the door, don’t carry him out. Bring your Frenchie to the location where you want him to go pee and let him explore until he is ready to go.

Reward him with treats and praise for going outside when he goes potty. Put him back in the box for a longer length of time if he doesn’t. If an indoor accident occurs, clean it up immediately.

This is to ensure that he doesn’t identify it with a specific location in your house, such as the bathroom.

Place some snacks in your puppy’s crate and allow him to explore it on his own before closing it. Don’t be in a rush; spend some time sitting with your dog while he’s in his crate. Ignore your puppy’s whining or crying.

While in the crate, your Frenchie will automatically avoid peeing in his sleeping space. When it’s time to go potty, your puppy will develop a system of indicators, such as rising in his crate or crying.

When your puppy is no longer in the crate and wants to go potty, he may learn to whine and stand by the door. Another type of training your French bulldog will need is socialization training.

Socializing Your Dog

Frenchies can be quite affectionate, but they can also be wary of new people and can be aggressive with other dogs. As a result, you must socialize your French bulldog with a variety of people and animals. To assist your puppy to overcome feelings of dread and anxiety, do this by the time he or she is 14 weeks old.

Don’t push it when introducing your French bulldog to new people. Simply place him in the presence of new people and observe what he does. It is best to follow the dog’s lead. Just wait to see how the dog reacts. Reward your Frenchie and then let the new person give the dog a treat if your Frenchie confidently approaches the new person.

Give your Frenchie a chance to settle down if he or she appears to be afraid of the new person. Then give him a treat or praise when he approaches the new person. Allow the new person to pet or touch your dog just when he has gotten more relaxed.

Chewing

Because they grow bored rapidly, French bulldogs can be destructive. They also employ chewing to examine their surroundings. It’s a natural occurrence.

If you have a French bulldog, keep all of your valuables and personal possessions out of reach of your dog. If you catch your Frenchie chewing on something he shouldn’t, stop him by offering him something he can chew on. Probably a chew toy or a piece of bone.

Do not shout at your dog if he chews. Instead, equip your dog with a variety of exciting toys he will not damage. Giving a French bulldog plush toys and squeaker toys is a bad idea because he will destroy them.

Nutrition

According to the Merck Veterinary Manual, the requirements for adult dogs are at least 18% protein and 5% fat in their diet.

Growing puppies need this a lot more. Protein is the most essential nutrient after this, healthy fats, essential vitamins, and minerals follow.

Protein provides the building blocks for healthy muscular and lean mass in French bulldogs. High-quality animal protein from poultry, beef and fish form a good part of your French Bulldog’s diet. Fat is a concentrated source of energy as calories, as well as omega fatty acids. They sustain the skin and coat. To ensure digestion, it should also come from animal sources.

The French Bulldog has a naturally quick metabolism as a small-breed dog. As a result, he requires more calories per pound of body weight than a larger breed. French bulldogs are also a low-energy breed that is prone to obesity. Therefore, it is recommended they are given 25 to 35 calories per pound of body weight every day.

What to Look for in the Best Dog Food for French Bulldogs

When choosing the best dog food for Frenchies, make sure that your dog’s fundamental needs are covered without excess calories in them. Because French Bulldogs are prone to obesity, gaining a few pounds could be harmful to their health.

When selecting dog food for your French Bulldogs, take note of these essentials.

  • Ingredients that are free of by-products, fillers, and artificial additives
  • High-quality animal sources of lean protein, such as poultry and seafood
  • Low-to-moderate fat level, including omega-3 fatty acids for their skin health

Maintaining a healthy weight requires a moderate calorie intake.

The dog’s body weight and health should be closely monitored to change his diet when the need arises.

Is Grain-Free Dog Food a Good Option?

The French Bulldog is notorious for being gassy and some foods might aggravate this problem. Building your dog’s diet around whole-food items to promote digestibility will assist, but if your dog has recurrent digestive troubles, you must visit a veterinarian.

According to the Veterinary Medical Center at Tufts University, “food allergies in dogs are fairly uncommon and grains are less likely to be an issue than common proteins like chicken or beef.”

Behavior

Normally, they are easygoing, flexible, and sociable companions.

They have a friendly personality and even emotions, so playful and affectionate; they are lively, attentive, bright, and athletic, but they are not overbearing.

However, while French bulldogs aren’t exactly obstinate, they can be.

Although French Bulldogs are not inherently stubborn, they require a lot of attention.

If they do not receive the attention they require, they may appear unruly.

The most common way for a bulldog to react is by barking in your absence or finding a new (and inconvenient) spot to pee.

Life Expectancy

A healthy French Bulldog is expected to live for an average of 9 to 14 years.

Unfortunately, French bulldogs are more prone to health issues than other breeds. Hence, these health issues have significant effects on the French Bulldog’s lifespan.

The factors that hinder the expected lifespan include stress, anxiety, genetics, diet, exercise, and lifestyle.

You can however help your French bulldogs live a long and happy life by:

Ensuring a healthy diet–and watching out for food allergies. This would go a long way to help.

Regular visits to the vet 

This is to ensure that your pet stays healthy and that any health concerns are addressed as soon as possible

It will also help if you assist your dog in getting lots of safe exercises. Although French Bulldogs are not lively, they enjoy going for walks regularly.

Maintaining basic health maintenance, such as nail clipping and tooth brushing, will also benefit your dog’s health.

Showing your dog love and maximum care for your dog while attempting to reduce its tension.

Conclusion

Before acquiring a French Bulldog or you already have one in your care, there are several things to remember.

First off, breeding parents should always be tested for avoidable health problems to reduce the risk of health issues in this breed. Reputable breeders should conduct all possible health tests.

It is not possible to screen for all health issues, however, choosing a breeder who does health testing will increase your chances of having a healthy French Bulldog.

Eye and hip exams are two of the most popular health testing for French Bulldogs.

A French Bulldog should only be purchased from a reputable breeder or a licensed rescue centre. Ensure that the breeder is licensed, experienced and that their breeding stock is subjected to health checks.

Article Sources

The Pristen Pets uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Wikipedia: French Bulldog
  2. Wiley Online Library: Genetic variability in French dog breeds assessed by pedigree data
  3. Pet Plan: French Bulldog
  4. Pet Place: Things to Know When Training a French Bulldog
  5. Frenchiewiki: Hip Dysplasia in French Bulldogs
  6. Handicapped Pets: The most common health problems in Frenchies