Prolapse is a rising problem for household dogs these days.

Fortunately, however, dogs don’t have to suffer from protruding tubular mass through their rectum or vaginae.

Once you know how to keep prolapsed tissue moist at all times with water, petroleum jelly, or a water-based lubricating jelly at home to push the tissue back into the rectum with gentle, firm pressure.

That’s what you’ll learn about in this article.

So, without further introduction, let’s jump in with a discussion of what a rectal prolapse is…

What Is Rectal Prolapse in Dogs?

When the last part of a dog’s intestinal tract protrudes through the rectal orifice, this is known as rectal prolapse.

The rectal tissues turn inside out and protrude from the dog’s anus as a cylinder or tube of pink tissue.

The disease is more common in farm animals, including pigs, cows, and sheep, but it can also affect dogs.

Causes Of Rectal Prolapse In Dogs

A dog’s rectal prolapse can be caused by a variety of factors, but one of the most prevalent is straining to defecate.

Rectal prolapse can affect any dog and include the rectum, as the name implies.

This ailment is basically a sign of another disorder, and the underlying issue must be addressed before the prolapse can be treated.

Straining might happen as a result of diarrhea, constipation, or trying to pass a foreign object.

Rectal prolapse in dogs can be difficult to detect and treat, but knowing how to do so might help your dog avoid developing even more serious problems.

Because of the discomfort and diarrhea that intestinal parasites can cause, as well as the straining that follows from passing some of the lengthy worms, they might create a rectal prolapse.

Male dogs with colon or rectum cancer, as well as prostatic disease, may have a weakening of the tissues that maintain the rectum in place.

Also, female dogs that are having difficulty giving birth (dystocia) may develop a rectal prolapse because of trying to pass a puppy.

Symptoms of Rectal Prolapse in Dogs

To know when your dog has a prolapse, watch out for the following signs: 

  • The anus produces a pink or red cylindrical lump.
  • Scooting around the back end
  • Diarrhea
  • Bleeding at the back end

Rectal prolapse causes a fleshy, tubular mass to protrude from the rectal orifice in dogs.

Because feces is usually the only thing that comes out of this hole, a pink or scarlet mass is difficult to miss.

If your dog has a rectal prolapse, it may scoot its hind end, and if the tissue splits or becomes too inflamed and irritated, blood may appear.

Treatment Of Rectal Prolapse In Dogs

If the rectal tissue is prolapsed, it should be kept moist at all times.

To keep the tissue from drying out until it can be replaced, use saline, water, water-based lubricating jelly, or petroleum jelly at home.

The tissue can be pushed back into the rectum with gentle, firm pressure.

Your veterinarian will need to handle it if it cannot be soft and readily inserted back into the rectum or if it will not stay in the rectum after being reinstalled.

While your dog is anesthetized, a manual replacement may be performed, and specific sutures may be required to keep it in place temporarily.

A special sugar solution can be applied to the tissues if they are too full of fluid to be refilled in the rectum.

This helps them regain their previous size.

If the tissue is significantly damaged or dies while outside the body, surgical removal of this part of the digestive system will be required.

However, in order to treat a rectal prolapse in a dog properly and permanently, the underlying cause of the condition must be addressed. 

  • Antidiarrheals, probiotics, antibiotics, and even antiparasitics may treat diarrhea caused by intestinal parasites. 
  • Constipation treatment may cause dietary adjustments.
  • If foreign substances cannot be passed through the stool, surgery may be required.
  • If a dog in labor cannot give birth naturally, a cesarean section may be required.
  • Cancer of the rectum or colon may require surgical excision or steroid treatment, and prostatic disease will almost certainly cause neutering of a dog.

How To Prevent Rectal Prolapse In Dogs

If your dog is straining to defecate, the best approach to prevent a rectal prolapse is to get medical care. 

Diarrhea and other causes of straining may cause the use of drugs, special diets, or supplements.

And the sooner the straining is managed, the less probable a rectal prolapse will develop. Rectal prolapse can affect any dog and include the rectum, as the name implies.

This ailment is basically a sign of another disorder, and the underlying issue must be addressed before the prolapse can be treated. 

Rectal prolapse in dogs can be difficult to detect and treat, but knowing how to do so might help your dog avoid developing even more serious problems.

The Vaginal Prolapse 

Another form of prolapse you can encounter with your dog is the vaginal prolapse.

It is inconvenient to find an enormous lump of tissue protruding from a dog’s vulva.

In case you are not aware of vaginal prolapse, it’s usually a swelling that seems to be a rapidly growing tumor or a miscarriage in progress.

Vaginal prolapse, as unpleasant as it is, is common in female dogs that are not spayed.

The internal vaginal walls enlarge and stick out through the vulva, which is the external female genital organ.

And it is usually caused by the activity of the female hormone estrogen. Vaginal discharge is present along with the tumor.

The inflated, bulging vaginal tissue in vaginal prolapse is sometimes described as a “doughnut-shaped” mass.

Estrogen stimulation is the most common cause of vaginal prolapse, but other factors include: 

  • Vaginal hyperplasia (mucosal proliferation) and genetic susceptibility. 
  • Prolapse can also occur because of prolonged straining caused by a difficult birth and delivery or a urinary tract infection, or because of a stoppage in coitus before mating. 

Vaginal prolapse might cause a dam’s inability to reproduce.

While the illness can affect any dog, the Weimaraner, Mastiff, English Bulldog, St. Bernard, German Shepherd, Springer Spaniel, Labrador, and Chesapeake Bay retriever, are the most commonly affected breeds.

That these particular breeds are more likely to develop canine vaginal prolapse implies genetics is important.

Serious vaginal prolapse might impede urination. Most of the time, the problem is discovered right before or during estrus (heat).

While most animals have a fortunate outcome, there is a potential that the problem will reoccur during pregnancy or during delivery. 

It is better to spay the animal because breeding will increase the dog’s risk of developing the disease.

In young, unspayed female dogs, vaginal prolapse, a disorder caused by the female hormone estrogen, develops.

Symptoms of Canine Vaginal Prolapse

  • Pink or red inflammatory tissue protrudes from the vulva
  • Frequently licking the afflicted area
  • Urination that is difficult or uncomfortable
  • Even during the heat cycle, there is resistance to mating.

Types of Canine Vaginal Prolapse

  • Type 1 happens when a little protrusion emerges from the vulva but does not leave the vulva.
  • It is said to be Type 2 when vaginal tissue protrudes past the vulvar orifice. 
  • The type 3 hyperplasia is the donut-shaped lump that may be seen externally.

Treatment for Canine Vaginal Prolapse

The vet may suggest hormone therapy if your dog has prolapse but can urinate regularly.

Because this sort of therapy might trigger ovulation, the prolapse may resolve on its own.

If your pet is in pain, topical treatments will be suggested. Vaginal prolapse is extremely treatable, and most times, reversible with these methods.

The problem is not a medical emergency unless the vaginal prolapse fully blocks the urethra, preventing your pet from urinating.

If your furry friend cannot pass urine, she will most likely require hospitalization surgery to stitch the tissue back in place and allow for an examination of the prolapsed tissue.

And maybe a kidney transplant, prolapsed tissue, also, if required, a urinary catheter will be used. Spaying is a way out.

You must keep the prolapsed area clean and dry during recuperation.

An Elizabethan collar, if tolerated, may prevent your dog from chewing, licking, or biting the affected region.

The dog could also wear a canine diaper to protect the area while also making it less accessible.

Moisturizing ointments will be prescribed by the veterinarian to assist and avoid tissue damage.

As a pet owner, you must keep an eye out for surfaces or other animals that could aggravate or injure the prolapsed tissue.

Sources 

Wagwalking: Vaginal Prolapse in Dogs

Thesprucepets: Rectal Prolapse in Dogs

ClevelandClinic:  Vaginal Prolapse