Brief history of Siberian husky

The Siberian Husky breed of the Spitz genetic family is a medium-sized working sled dog. This breed can be identified by its double coat that has thick furs.

It also has unique markings and erect triangular ears. It looks similar to the Alaskan Malamute but is smaller than it.

Its other name is Chukha, and common nicknames are Sibe and Husky. It originates from Siberia. It is an FCI standard domestic dog.

Siberian Huskies were raised for sled pulling and companionship by the Chukchi people of Siberia in Northeast Asia.

It is an athletic and resilient breed whose ancestors thrived in the Siberian Arctic’s severe cold and climate.

During the Nome Gold Rush, a Russian fur merchant named William Goosak imported them to Nome, Alaska, as sled dogs to work the mines and for trips through otherwise impassable terrain.

These days, the Siberian Husky is mostly kept as a house pet, while competitive and recreational mushers still employ them as sled dogs.

Siberian Husky average sizes and life expectancy

HEIGHT

up to

23 inches

WEIGHT

2-60 pounds

LIFE

EXPECTANCY

12-15 years

The breed standard

General Appearance of a Siberian husky 

The Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working dog that is swift on his feet and graceful in his movements. The Siberian muscle is firm and well developed.

His Northern ancestry is clear in his moderately compact and well-furred body, prominent triangular ears, and brush tail. His gait is steady and almost effortless.

He excels at his original purpose which is carrying a little load at a normal pace across long distances; he doesn’t carry too much load. His body proportions and shape reflect his balance, power, speed, and endurance.

The males of the Siberian Husky breed are strong, but they are never aggressive. The bitches are rough; they are feminine yet have no structural deficiencies.

Head

The expression is sharp but kind; it’s curious and even a little naughty.

Medium-sized and proportionately shaped skull; somewhat rounded on top and narrowing from the widest point to the eyes.

Faults include a clumsy or heavy head, as well as a head that is overly finely sculpted.

Eyes

The eyes are almond-shaped, medium spaced, and slightly obliquely set. Brown or blue eyes are okay; one of each or both colors is permitted. Faults – Eyes positioned too diagonally or positioned too closely.

Ears

Medium-sized triangular ears with a snug fit and a high position on the head. They’re thick, furry, somewhat arched in the rear, and tall, with slightly rounded tips pointing upwards.

Faults- Ears that are excessively broad compared to the head; positioned too wide; not strongly erect.

Nose

Black, sable, gray, or agouti dogs have black noses; red dogs have liver noses, while white dogs have liver, black, or flesh-colored noses. The “snow nose” with lighter streaks is also acceptable.

Lips 

Lips are properly pigmented. They also form a tight seal when closed together.

Teeth 

Their teeth close up in a scissors bite

Fault- Any bite that isn’t scissors is not acceptable.

Stop 

The nose bridge is straight from the stop to the tip, and the stop is well-defined.

Fault- Insufficient stop is not allowed.

Muzzle

The muzzle is medium in breadth, narrowing to the nose gradually, and the tip is neither sharp nor square.

Faults – Muzzle either too snippy or too coarse, and muzzle too short or too long.

Size, Proportion, Substance

Size – Just like children in humans, puppies usually stretch first, then fill out.

Siberian huskies attain their full height at around 12 months of age, but they still need to acquire weight before they reach the adult mass.

Your husky will have bulked up to fill its frame by the time it is 15 months old, but muscle development continues, and some dogs may continue to add healthy bulk until they are around 36 months old.

Temperament

The Siberian Husky has a loving and gentle nature, but it is also attentive and outgoing.

He doesn’t have the possessive characteristics of a guard dog, and he isn’t too cautious of strangers, neither is he aggressive toward other dogs.

In the senior dog, a certain amount of reserve and dignity is to be expected.

His intelligence, tractability, and eagerness make him a pleasant friend and keen worker.

Forequarters

Shoulders – The shoulder blade is positioned widely back.

From the point of shoulder to the elbow, the upper arm bends slightly backward and is never perpendicular to the ground.

Firm and well-developed muscles and ligaments connect the shoulder to the rib cage. Faults- Shoulders that are straight and loose.

Forelegs – From the front view, when standing, the legs are moderately spread, parallel and straight with elbows close to the torso and not twisted in or out. When viewed from the side, the pasterns are somewhat inclined, with a strong but flexible pastern joint.

Bone – is a solid material, although it is never heavy. The distance between the elbow and the ground is slightly longer than the distance between the elbow and the top of the withers.

If present, dewclaws may be removed. Faults – Weak pasterns, too hefty a bone; too thin or wide in the front; out at the elbows are all faults.

Feet – are oval but not very lengthy. The paws are compact and well-furred between the toes and pads, and they are medium in size. The pads are amply padded and durable. When the dog is in a natural stance, the paws do not turn in or out.

Fault – Toes that are soft or splayed; paws that are too huge and clunky; paws that are too small and sensitive; toeing in or out are all faults.

Hindquarters

The hind legs are fairly spread and parallel while standing and viewed from behind.

The upper thighs are robust and well-muscled, the stifles are well-bent, and the hock joint is well-defined and low to the ground.

If there are any dewclaws, they must be removed.

Fault – Straight stifles, cow-hocks, and a back that is too narrow or too wide are all faults.

Coat

The Siberian Husky’s coat is double and medium in length, giving it a well-furred appearance but never obscuring the dog’s clean-cut contour.

The undercoat is dense and velvety, and it is long enough to sustain the outer coat.

The outer coat’s guard hairs are straight and slightly smooth, lying, never harsh, or standing straight off the body. A lack of undercoats throughout the shedding season is common.

It is okay to trim whiskers and fur between the toes and around the feet to present a neater appearance. Trimming the dog’s fur on any other part of the body is not acceptable and should be punished harshly.

Faults – Long, rough, or shaggy coat; texture too harsh or too silky; trimming of the coat, except as permitted above

Gait

The Siberian Husky’s movement is fluid and appears to be effortless.

He is swift on his feet and should be gaited on a loose lead at a reasonably fast trot in the show ring, displaying good reach in the forequarters and good drive in the hindquarters.

The Siberian Husky does not single-track when viewed from the front to the back while walking; rather, as the speed increases, the legs gradually curve inward until the pads lie on a line immediately under the longitudinal center of the body.

The forelegs and hind legs are carried straight as the pad marks converge, with neither elbows nor stifles bent in or out. Each hind leg follows the foreleg course.

The topline remains strong and level as the dog is gaiting.

Faults – Short gait, uneven, or prancing gait, lumbering or swirling gait; crabbing or crossing.

Color, Markings and Patterns 

Color, patterns, and markings are all important factors to consider.

All color ranges are acceptable, including black, sable, agouti, gray, red, and white. It’s possible to have a solid color and multiple shades are possible.

White marks are possible. Piebald is one of many symmetrical or asymmetrical markings and patterns that are common.

Any permissible color, marking, or pattern should be given equal consideration.

Merle and Brindle patterns are not permitted and will result in disqualification.

Merle is described as a marbling appearance of dark patches on a lighter backdrop of the same color, not a color patch of banded guard hairs amid white, as seen in dogs with permitted piebald.

Darker and lighter skin is referred to as brindle.

Brindle is characterized as a vertical tiger striping produced by darker and lighter single-colored guard hairs, as opposed to banded guard hairs and a different color undercoat, which may produce some apparent horizontal striping.

Neck, Topline, Body

Neck – When the dog is standing, the neck is medium in length, arched, and carried proudly erect. When trotting, the neck is lengthened, and the head is carried forward somewhat.

Fault – Neck is too short and thick; the neck is too long.

Chest – The deepest point is immediately behind and levels with the elbows, and the chest is deep and muscular but not overly broad. The ribs are firmly sprung from the spine, although they are flattened on the sides to allow for movement.

Faults – include a chest that is excessively large, “barrel ribs,” and ribs that are too flat or weak.

Back – From the withers to the croup, the back is straight and strong, with a flat topline. It’s a medium length, neither cobby nor slack from being too long. The loin is taut and lean, with a narrow profile.

Tail – The hair on the tail is medium length, and the top, sides, and bottom are all around the same length, giving it the appearance of a round brush.

Faults – include a snapped or tightly curled tail, a heavily plumed tail, and a tail that is positioned too low or too high.

Disqualifications

A clumsy or heavy head, as well as an extremely delicately sculpted head, are all flaws.

Too many eyes positioned diagonally or too close together.

Excessively large ears in contrast to the head; too wide a posture; not strongly erect.

Any bite that isn’t a scissors bite isn’t allowed.

It is not permitted to make an insufficient stop.

The muzzle is either too short or too long, and the muzzle is either too snippy or too harsh.

Dogs and bitches measuring more than 23 inches in length are disqualified.

Any evidence of excess bone or weight should be avoided at all costs.

Toes that are soft or splayed; paws that are too huge and cumbersome; paws that are too small and sensitive; toeing in or out

Straight stifles, cow-hocks that are either small or too wide in the back. In the back, it’s either too small or too wide.

Rough or shaggy coat; texture that is too harsh or too silky; rough or shaggy coat; texture that is too harsh or too silky

Crossing or crabbing; short, prancing, or choppy pace; ponderous or rolling gait.

a tail that is snapped or tightly coiled, a strongly plumed tail, or a tail that is positioned too low or too high.

Things To Know When Breeding A Husky Dog

Genetic variability of a Siberian husky 

Thirty-four ISSR primers from The University of British Columbia microsatellite primer set (Microsatellite UBC primer set 9, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada) were tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and used in this investigation according to our prior approach (Kriangwanich et al., 2018).

In a nutshell, 43 samples were amplified separately using PCR with 10 ng of DNA template and Buffers, dNTP, ISSR primer, and Taq DNA polymerase. Finally, deionized water was introduced to a 25-liter container as a negative control. For PCR amplification, the PTC-200 at DNA EngineThermal Cycler (Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc., CA, USA) was utilized.

Runs of Homozygosity (ROH) is a technique for determining the signatures of chromosomes selection. If a mutation confers a benefit to a population, it is said to be beneficial.

Over time, the frequency of this mutation will rise.

Functions of the ROH Model Gene

Sled Lipid catabolism, glucose, and lipid cAMP pathways

World-class metabolism, cardiac muscle/circulation for athletes who can run for long periods

Also, demonstrate the development of the retina and the skull bones.

Respiratory failure is linked to a neurological disease.

Contextual fear, spatial memory, and food memory are all improved with the Show-Sled.

motivation, age-related loss of motor coordination

Evolution of the nervous system in pets, as well as leg weakness-related trajectories

Siberian husky reproductive information 

Siberian Huskies are among the world’s most attractive dogs, and they are extremely popular. Therefore, breeding them can pay out handsomely.

One of the most common inquiries is how long the window of opportunity for each puppy will be open.

Female Huskies typically have a seven-year window in which they can procreate.

For a longer amount of time, a male Husky can impregnate a female for up to 13 years.

While female reproduction should begin at two and finish around the age of nine.

Breeding is a hard task therefore, ensure you do not harm your dogs.

It’s vital to consider the whole lifespan of Huskies when determining how long they can reproduce. Huskies are expected to live for 12 to 15 years. If we divide a Husky’s life into stages, we can see that a Husky achieves adulthood around the age of two years.

Adulthood lasts from the age of two until roughly eight years old, when they reach retirement age.

When a Husky reaches this age, he or she becomes a senior and is usually less active. If it helps, think of it as menopause.

By the age of nine, a female’s periods have stopped, and she is no longer capable of reproducing.

As a result, adulthood will be the best period to reproduce, giving Huskies seven years to breed.

Health

Siberian Huskies are prone to typical health problems that affect all dogs, such as hip dysplasia and eye disorders, although they are a healthy breed.

Huskies are known for their ability to maintain a healthy weight with less food than other breeds, but they still require a high-protein diet.

They are naturally clean and usually have no odor or parasites on their bodies.

Siberian Huskies are known for being “easy keepers” because they don’t require a lot of food.

They’re bred to pull a light load at a high speed over long distances in cold climates while eating very little.

In addition, slimmer canines are more likely to live longer.

If you’re thinking about getting a Siberian Husky, you should be aware of the following health issues that the breed has.

Cataracts

Cataracts are one of the most prevalent health concerns in Siberian Huskies, affecting roughly 10% of the population.

Cataracts in dogs usually appear between the ages of 6 and 12 months and can lead to blindness. As a result, it’s critical to have your dog’s eyes checked by a veterinarian frequently.

Hip Dysplasia

A critical condition that affects the hip joint is Hip Dysplasia.

Hip dysplasia, which is quite frequent in Siberian Huskies, is one of the most alarming health conditions for any dog owner to be concerned about.

This causes the dog extra pain and increases the cost of therapy. Hip dysplasia in dogs does not appear at a set age in dogs.

The illness appears in some Huskies at middle age, although it can also appear later in life.

This disorder can cause significant hip joint abnormalities. It is not only costly to treat, but it is also quite painful for the dogs who are affected.

Dysplasia can affect both hips in many circumstances. Learning the signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia can aid in early detection and, in the long run, lessen the severity of the condition.

Surgery is the most common treatment of hip dysplasia in dogs, but there are other alternatives as well.

Weight control, for example, can aid and is normally prescribed by a veterinarian to alleviate some of the dog’s pain.

Follicular Dysplasia 

This is a condition that affects the hair follicles.

Follicular dysplasia is another major health issue in Siberian Huskies.

This ailment affects Huskies between the ages of three and four months, and it can cause aberrant hair development, canine hair loss, and patchy, contagious skin.

Follicular dysplasia is a common problem in Siberian Huskies, and there is currently no cure.

Some veterinarians will advise pet owners to use particular shampoos, antimicrobials, and topical lotions as needed to better control the disease.

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism in dogs is a prevalent health issue in Huskies caused by an abnormal quantity of thyroid gland output.

You may notice that your Siberian Husky has gained weight, despite eating less than usual if he has this illness.

You may also notice bald areas on his coat or even fur loss. Lethargy and an increase in sleep are two more symptoms.

Deficiency in zinc

Dogs, like people, require a proper amount of zinc in their bodies to maintain good health.

Zinc deficiency in Siberian Huskies brings about loss of hair on the chin, lips, feet, elbows and around the eyes.

Zinc supplements may help reduce symptoms, but to avoid an overdose, see your veterinarian before adding any to your pet’s food.

Grooming a siberian husky 

Brushing a Husky’s dense double-coat at least once a week and daily during the shedding season is required.

Bathing your dog, besides brushing, will keep him clean and healthy.

Siberian Huskies have thick, fast-growing nails that need to be clipped regularly.

Overgrowth, splitting, and cracking will be avoided. A Husky’s ears should also be checked regularly to avoid wax and debris buildup, which can lead to a canine ear infection.

Brush your dog’s teeth regularly as well.

Exercise 

Because Siberian Huskies have strong predatory impulses, they should be supervised in the company of smaller dogs and other animals.

They may run away if their leash is free because they were bred to run all day by pulling a sled.

Owners of huskies should have a fenced yard and walk their dogs on a leash at all times.

Furthermore, this breed of dog should never be permitted to run free.

Huskies should be restricted to a home or fenced yard at all times unless they are exercising on a leash for their safety.

Huskies require daily exercise because they are such an energetic breed.

Their great desire to flee was fueled by their ancestors. The correct development of a Siberian Husky necessitates adequate exercise.

They are versatile creatures that can survive in any environment. However, this breed should not be exercised during the hottest portion of the day.

Training a Siberian husky  

Positive Reinforcement-Based Training has been proven to be the most effective approach to training puppies.

With this kind of training, you simply praise and reward your dog for the correct behaviors and activities.

Whenever he makes a mistake, he gets chastised.

It’s fine to show him, but you never chastise or punish him.

Instead, you seize the opportunities when he does it right the following time.

Potty training should begin as soon as feasible.

Use a lot of praise and incentives.

Add a crate to the mix.

Keep command training to a minimum.

Tips for Training a Husky Puppy

image of siberian husky puppy dog breed

Here are some pointers on how to train a Siberian Husky.

Crating

A crate is usually required after your puppy has completed potty training school and is no longer biting and chewing everything in sight. The need for a crate will diminish, and you may only require it on rare occasions.

It’s a crucial element of caring for your husky puppy and a great way to keep him safe while he’s young.

Potty Training

Make a tiny potty break place outside.

This should be a little plot of space in your yard that you will give up because it will only be used for your husky pup’s business.

This should be located distant from any of your yard’s primary leisure areas.

You might choose to lay down a small area of fake grass on top of your property. Your lawn will be safeguarded, and your husky may form a stronger bond sooner!

Take your Husky puppy there only after he or she has finished drinking, snoozing, or napping, and before bedtime. You should take your dog there regularly!

Be patient and don’t forget to compliment.

Remain calmly waiting with your puppy (5-10 minutes), keeping him close by with a leash, avoiding any attempts at play and diversions, ignore him, and wait.

When he gets rid of something, praise him loudly with your voice, strokes, and a small treat.

Remove yourself from the planned location as soon as possible.

Once you’ve given him enough praise and left the area for 5-10 minutes, or as soon as he eliminates, leave the area immediately and keep your puppy away.

With enough successful runs, your puppy will quickly understand that this is where he has to go potty.

Training not to bite

By nature, the Siberian Husky is an aggressive chewer who enjoys biting and chewing items not only as a puppy but also as an adult.

It’s almost usually the teething process when he’s a puppy.

This is the process of your puppy getting his “baby” teeth, losing them, and finally getting his adult teeth.

This process begins at three months and can last until he is eight months old.

It can be a difficult and unpleasant process for him, and he will relieve his misery by chewing and biting everything in sight.

Nutrition 

During the weaning stage, gradually introduce a nutritionally complete dog food that is appropriate for your Husky’s huge size and young age into their diet.

Although this breed is not known for being greedy, monitor your puppy’s weight and change the amount of food in their diet accordingly.

You should also become familiar with a list of foods and plants to avoid.

The diet of your Husky puppy should comprise high-quality, nutritionally complete puppy food.

You should also introduce them to fresh, lean raw meat; however, do not give your puppy any meat that you would not feed to a human.

You quickly discover that your Husky puppy is not greedy and will happily eat.

Changing a puppy’s diet

The choice of kibble vs. wet food, as well as whether to attempt raw or freshly prepared meals, is the first step in feeding a Husky puppy.

If there will be changes in a Husky puppy’s diet, it must be done gradually.

The number of meals puppies eat every day, as well as the portion sizes served at each sitting, must be appropriate for their age.

There will be a lot of excitement when your puppy moves into her new home and meets the family.

Stress hormones are released because of excitement, which might upset a puppy’s stomach.

Research has it that drastic changes can reduce the beneficial bacteria in your dog’s intestines.

So, here’s what to do:

  • Purchase a probiotic supplement for your dog.

For two weeks, feed that to your dog once a day.

  • Continue to feed her the same food she was getting from the breeder.
  • Then, continue with the probiotics, but begin incorporating part of the new puppy food with the old.

For seven to ten days, gradually increase the amount.

You can now fully eliminate the “old” food, as your Husky puppy’s digestive system has been adapted to the “new” diet.

Also, Huskies are high-energy canines that have a high protein demand.

Because their bodies are growing and gaining muscle, all pups require a lot of high-quality protein.

According to the AAFCO, puppies should have at least 22.5 percent protein.

However, other nutrients are also vital.

Calcium and phosphorus are required for good bone development, and their ratio should be at least 1:1, if not up to 2:1.

Puppy food should also have plenty of Vitamin E to help your Husky pup’s developing immune system.

Life expectancy of a Siberian husky 

A Siberian husky’s typical lifespan is about 12 years, which is comparable to other medium-to-large canines.

Huskies can live up to 15 years, and some can live even longer. In all breeds, including huskies, female dogs live slightly longer than male dogs.

However, because the difference isn’t huge, don’t be surprised if your male husky outlives his female friend, mate, or sibling.

How much does a husky puppy cost?

Huskies are dogs with a good level of energy and they are so beautiful that people can’t but adopt them as a family pet. However, buyers should note they buying from reputable breeders is more advantageous. They range in prices from #50,000 – #850,000 based on the breed and class of buyer

1-3 Month Male Purebred Siberian Husky

$750

3-6 Month Female Purebred Siberian Husky

$ 1,700

1-3 Month Male Purebred Siberian Husky

$ 1,200

Conclusion

To limit the risk of sickness in their puppies, good breeders use genetic testing of their stock.

Siberian Huskies’ health issues, like eye difficulties, hip dysplasia, and hypothyroidism, are mostly inherited.

Inquire about the medical history of your Husky’s parents and grandparents, and think twice about adopting a puppy if some of the frequent health problems run in the family.

You should also inquire about the breeder’s policy in the event of major hereditary illnesses.

To make better breeding decisions in the future, a good breeder will want to be informed of this.

Some breeders may also promise to help with medical expenditures if a dog becomes ill.

Article Sources

The Pristen Pets uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. AKC: Siberian Husky dog breed information
  2. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine: Genetic variations and dog breed identification using inter-simple sequence repeat markers coupled with high resolution melting analysis
  3. Embora Pets: How long do huskies reproduce?
  4. Purina: Husky puppies

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